Category Archives: English News

SOMALIA CONFLICT: EXACTING A TERRIBLE TOLL ON CIVILIANS, AL SHABAAB RESPONSIBLE FOR MOST CIVILIAN CASUALTIES – UN REPORT

Geneva / Mogadishu – Armed conflict in Somalia continues to exact a heavy toll on civilians, damaging infrastructure and livelihoods, displacing millions of people, and impeding access to humanitarian relief for communities in need, a UN report published on Sunday said.

Entitled “Protection of Civilians: Building the Foundation for Peace, Security and Human Rights in Somalia,” the report by the UN Human Rights Office and the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) covers the period from 1 January 2016 to 14 October 2017.

During this period, UNSOM documented a total of 2,078 civilian deaths and 2,507 injuries. More than half the casualties (60 per cent) were attributed to Al Shabaab militants, 13 per cent to clan militias, 11 per cent to State actors, including the army and the police, four per cent to the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM), and 12 per cent to unidentified or undetermined attackers.

“Ultimately, civilians are paying the price for failure to resolve Somalia’s conflicts through political means,” said the head of UNSOM, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Somalia Michael Keating. “And parties to the conflict are simply not doing enough to shield civilians from the violence. This is shameful.”

Civilians were the victims of unlawful attacks – by being directly targeted and through the use of indiscriminate bomb and suicide attacks – by non-State groups. Such attacks, which are prohibited under international human rights and humanitarian laws, are, in most cases, likely to constitute war crimes, and it is imperative that perpetrators are identified and held accountable, the report says.

The worst incident on a single day was the twin bomb blasts in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on 14 October, attributed to Al-Shabaab by Somali government officials, in which at least 512 people are officially recorded to have died as of 1 December, along with 316 injured.

“This barbaric act was the deadliest attack with an improved explosive device (IED) in Somalia’s history and surely one of the worst ever on the continent, if not the world,” Special Representative Keating said. “Sadly, its impact will be felt for a long time.”

A significant number of recorded civilian casualties – 251 killed and 343 injured – was attributed to clan militias, in areas where federal or state security forces are largely absent. “The drought has intensified clan conflict due to competition over resources. These conflicts are exploited by anti-government elements to further destabilize areas, diminish prospects for lasting peace and weaken civilian protection,” the report states.

It goes on to note that although the number of casualties attributed to the Somali National Army and Police, as well as AMISOM, was significantly smaller than those attributed to Al Shabaab militants.

“Nevertheless, such casualties are of utmost concern as they undermine the Somali population’s trust in the Government and the international community, which in turn expands the space in which anti-government elements continue to operate,” said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein.

“While achieving the balance between human rights and security is challenging, the respect of human rights and the protection of civilians are essential as the foundation of a strong, legitimate State that works for the benefit of all its people,” he said.

Somalia’s National Intelligence and Security Agency routinely disregards international human rights law when carrying out arrests and detentions, according to the report, which adds that journalists and people suspected of belonging to Al Shabaab are often detained without charge.

The report flags that information on the conditions of people living under Al Shabaab control is scant. Verifying human rights violations and abuses in those areas remains problematic due to the lack of access and fear of reprisals.

The conflict has disproportionately affected children, exposing them to “grave violations during military operations, including killing, maiming and arrest and detention by Somali security forces,” the report says. In addition, reports of recruitment of children increased sharply. In the first 10 months of 2017, 3,335 cases of child recruitment were reported – 71.5 per cent attributed to Al Shabaab, 14.6 per cent to clan militia, and 7.4 per cent to the Somali National Army.

In line with international humanitarian law, the primary responsibility for protecting civilians lies with the parties involved in the conflict and the Somali authorities. According to UNSOM, while there have been some positive developments, much remains to be done to achieve an adequate level of protection for civilians.

The UN Mission considers the implementation of an agreement on Somalia’s National Security Architecture – reached by the Federal Government and the Federal Member States in April this year – as central to achieving sustainable security sector reform. The agreement provides an opportunity to ensure that Somali-led security institutions are accountable and can protect citizens in accordance with international human rights law and international humanitarian law, with the continued support of the United Nations and the international community.

Among its recommendations, the report urges parties to the conflict to take all feasible precautions to protect civilians and civilian installations   by ceasing the use of all IEDs and the firing of mortars, rockets and grenades from and into populated areas. The report also calls for all unlawful armed groups and militia to be disbanded.

In addition, the report encourages AMISOM to strengthen its accountability measures regarding incidents involving civilians, by conducting effective investigations and judicial proceedings concerning serious allegations attributed to AMISOM and other international troops, holding perpetrators accountable and providing adequate assistance and effective remedies for victims.

The report also urges the Federal Government and Federal Member States to adopt the legislative and policy measures, including with respect to law enforcement, to ensure the effective investigation and prosecution of serious violations and abuses of international human rights law and humanitarian laws, and an effective remedy.

PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN SOMALIA 2016-2017 FACT SHEET

This is the first attempt by UNSOM to quantify casualties and assess the toll of the conflict on civilians covering the period between 1 January 2016 and 14 October 2017.  During this period, ground and air attacks inflicted heavy casualties, caused damage to public and private infrastructure, and loss of livestock and impeded access to humanitarian relief for civilians in need.

A total of 4,585 civilian casualties were recorded, for more information read the fact sheet in the link below.

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UN and Somalia sign $2.9b four year support framework

The UN will require close to $3 billion dollars to implement a four year support programme for Somalia, the global body has said.

The announcement follows the signing of the UN Strategic Framework for Somalia (UNSF) between the UN and Somali government Tuesday aimed at supporting Somalia’s development programme over the coming four years.

UN chief in Somalia Michael Keating aid the framework will be instrumental in providing targeted support to Somalia in a coordinated manner by all the 23 UN agencies in the country.

“The framework sets out how the UN will support Somalia, including in key areas such as achieving universal elections, strengthening the rule of law and improving governance,” Keating said. “It will guide our collective efforts to improve the quality of life and opportunities for all Somalis.”

A fact sheet from the UN in Somalia indicates that the global body will require $2.88 billion between 2017 and end of 2020 to actualize the UNSF. It notes however 40 per cent of the funds are available or projected to be available while 60 per cent is required to be mobilized.

The framework signed on behalf of Somalia by PM Hassan Khaire and Planning Minister Gamal Hassan covers five thematic areas namely; (1) Deepening federalism and state-building, supporting conflict resolution and reconciliation, and preparing for universal elections; (2) Supporting institutions to improve peace, security, justice, the rule of law and safety of Somalis; (3) Strengthening accountability and supporting institutions that protect; (4) Strengthening resilience of Somali institutions, society and population; (5) Supporting socio-economic opportunities for Somalis.

The framework has adapted gender equality and women’s empowerment, human rights, and youth engagement and empowerment as cross-cutting issues.

UN Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia Peter de Clercq emphasized that, “the UNSF recognises past efforts, cements the close partnership between Somalia and the United Nations, and reiterates our commitment to working together for the delivery of tangible results to the Somali people.”

The UN Strategic Framework (UNSF) is a multi-year strategic plan to guide the UN’s work and articulates the UN’s collective strategy, commitments and actions in support of the Somali government’s development priorities and in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Communiqué: Somalia Partnership Forum, Mogadishu 5th of December 2017

Communiqué

Somalia Partnership Forum

Mogadishu 5th of December 2017

Preamble

1. Representatives from 25 countries and 6 multilateral organizations, as well as representatives from all of Somalia’s Federal Member States and the Benadir Regional Administration, gathered in Mogadishu on the 5th of December 2017 to participate in the inaugural Somalia Partnership Forum officially opened by H.E. Mohamed Abdulahi Mohamed (Farrmajo), the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia and chaired by H.E. Hasan Ali Khaire, the Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia.
2. Somalia is emerging from a long and difficult period of instability that has negatively and adversely affected the nation. However, Somalia is undertaking a robust process of recovery, aimed at bringing peace, a culture of respect for human rights, development, and prosperity to the entire country.
3. We deplore and regret the loss of innocent lives as a result of continued terrorist attacks. In particular, we strongly condemn the 14 October 2017 attack in Mogadishu that resulted in the deaths of more than 500 innocent women, men, and children. We are collectively committed to supporting Somalia to confront, deter and eradicate extremism in all its forms, and in assisting with the development of effective justice processes as Somalia moves towards reconciliation.
4. The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has taken concrete steps to secure its long‐term goal of achieving peace and prosperity for the Somali people, as evidenced by Somalia’s National Development Plan (NDP), endorsed in 2016, with sets out the government’s security, politics, and development priorities.
5. The FGS and the international community also endorsed, at the May 2017 London Conference the New Partnership for Somalia (NPS), a framework for cooperation in support of Somalia’s National Development Plan.
6. The NPS identifies security, the constitutional settlement, inclusive politics, human rights and the rule of law, good governance, measures to tackle corruption, responding to humanitarian crises, and promoting economic recovery as priorities for shared action.
7. In 2017, the FGS, together with its international partners, reviewed and revised the aid architecture to ensure coherence and complementarity between the work of the Somalia Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF), the Pillar Working Groups, the Comprehensive Approach to Security Executive Group (CAS EG) and associated Strand Working Groups. We call upon all parties to engage with the new coordination architecture to ensure collective alignment, coherence and strong cooperation to implement the ambitious agenda ahead.
8. As the apex body for both the SDRF and CAS EG, the Somalia Partnership Forum convened for the first time today to discuss shared priorities, take stock of progress achieved in 2017 and review milestones to be achieved in 2018.
9. Throughout the day, partners discussed the importance of linking political and security progress with economic recovery and humanitarian intervention, noting the importance of building accountable state institutions, generating greater opportunities and livelihoods for the benefit of the population, and breaking the cycle of humanitarian crises. The Somalia Partnership Forum provides the forum for such overarching discussions and strengthens the spirit of mutual partnership required to sustained progress.

Political Progress

1. Recognizing that Somalia’s Federal Constitution will be the foundation for stability and peaceful politics, we welcome the agreement of a road map and Memorandum ofUnderstanding (MOU) to complete the review of the provisional constitution.
2. We welcome the plan to take the MOU to Federal Member States and the Benadir Regional Administration for consultations to ensure greater participation and awareness of all stakeholders. In this regard, we welcome the establishment of theMinistry of Constitutional Affairs Forum, which brings together Federal and State Ministries of Constitutional Affairs and the Benadir Regional Administration together on a quarterly basis, thereby enhancing participation and inclusivity amongst stakeholders.
3. We welcome the FGS’s commitment to one‐person one‐vote elections in 2021. We urge all parties to agree on a roadmap to achieve this goal as that reflects the Somali people’s wish for a more representative and accountable democracy.
4. The roadmap that has been agreed on to secure an electoral law in 2018, the creation of a working group to take that work forward and the planned consultation with Federal Member States and Benadir Regional Administration create a platform to realize the hopes and the aspirations of the Somali people.
5. We welcome the conclusion of recent elections in Somaliland and encourage the resumption of talks between the FGS and Somaliland.
6. We welcome the joint effort, vision and commitment to Federalism at all levels of government and the commitment to continued regular and substantive dialogue between the FGS, FMS and Benadir Regional Administration which will help to take political decisions to advance the constitutional review process. This unity will be key to successful progress across Somalia, including during transition and hand over of security from AMISOM to Somali Security Forces.
7. We welcome progress made in the dialogue process between the Galmudug Interim Administration and Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a and encourage further progress.
8. We also welcome the FGS’s prioritization of anti‐corruption initiatives and recognize progress made to develop the building blocks for a culture of accountability, recognizing the need to engage citizens and create strong institutions to jointly fight corruption. We urge all parties to continue to advance progress on this front including through finalization of legislation and implementation of key fiscal and legal reforms that eliminate corruption.

Security

1. We recognize the valiant efforts by the Somali security forces and AMISOM in the fight against al‐Shabaab and commend the bravery and commitment of their troops.
2. We note the Somalia Security Conference held on 4 December 2017 where discussions were held on progress on implementation of the Comprehensive Approach to Security, the National Security Architecture, AMISOM conditions‐based transition and the Somali Security Sector, as well as efforts on Stabilization and Preventing / Countering Violent Extremism. We welcome the discussions held and key decisions taken at the 4 December Conference, as outlined in that Conference’s Communique.
3. We also recognize that security does not exist in a vacuum and that sustainable security reform will enable, but also rely on, broader equitable political, socio and economic progress as well as strengthened governance and peace‐ and institution‐ building as part of a comprehensive approach to delivering our long‐term vision of a peaceful and prosperous Somalia. We urge all partners to continue and further advance this comprehensive approach to security, enabling local reconciliation, community recovery and prevention of violent extremism to ensure human security. Humanitarian and Resilience/Recovery
4. We applaud the efforts of the FGS and local relief efforts in responding to the severe drought that affected Somalis. In particular, we praise the role played by the Somali people, both in Somalia and abroad, in helping to avert famine.
5. We also applaud the efforts of the international community to mobilize resources and coordinate relief efforts, which have been instrumental in saving lives in 2017.
6. We welcome the efforts of the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management in the formulation of the National Disaster Management Policy. This will enhance strategic policy support towards strengthening resilience and ensure greater inter‐ministerial co‐ordination, as well as effectiveness in overall disaster management.
7. We also acknowledge Somalia’s leadership on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and welcome progress on the drafting of the National Action Plan due to undergo consultations and for presentation at the IGAD meeting of Foreign Ministers in January 2018.
8. We however remain concerned that 6.2 million people are still in need of humanitarian assistance due to drought and conflict in Somalia and are particularly concerned that below average rain falls for a fourth consecutive season and forecast indications of a fifth consecutive below average season indicate that a risk of famine remains in many areas in 2018. We also remain concerned that over 1 million people have been newly displaced, in addition to the 1.2 million already in a state of protracted displacement.
9. We strongly urge all partners, both local and international, to take necessary actions, including provision of resources, to ensure continued delivery of urgent humanitarian relief. The needs of women and vulnerable groups need to be taken into special account.
10. We also recognize that sustainable investment into resilience and durable solutions, alongside humanitarian relief, can lift the country out of poverty and reduce risks from climate‐induced crises and insecurity. It is crucial that we start planning recovery and durable solutions now to begin reducing levels of chronic vulnerability and risks.
11. We therefore welcome the FGS’s leadership in undertaking a Drought Impact Needs Assessment, which will inform the development of a Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF), with the full cooperation of the Federal Members States and with support from the United Nations, World Bank, and the European Union.
12. We endorse the approach of building long‐term recovery and resilience solutions that address root causes of drought and famine. Somalia is at a critical junction where it has made huge progress, and these significant yet fragile gains should be protected and enhanced. The country has stronger, more effective and more accountable institutions which should increasingly play a role in breaking the cycle of recurrent crisis.
13. We look forward to the launch of the RRF and the Humanitarian Response Plan early in 2018, and urge all partners and the FGS to make progressive and incremental recovery investments targeting priorities. Future investments should be in a sequenced manner addressing root and structural causes of vulnerability whilst the humanitarian response proceeds.

Economic Recovery

1. We recognize the important efforts being made by partners to implement the NDP, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals. We welcome the establishment of the National Development Council and plans to create the National Economic Council. Successful and sustained efforts to implement the NDP will contribute to Somalia’s overall economic recovery.
2. We welcome the drafting of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry’s Company Law and understand its crucial role in modernizing the business environment in Somalia. it will enable formalization of the business practice as well as provide a legal framework conducive for a progressive globally recognized private sector in partnership with the government. We look forward to the passing of the Company Law in 2018. We commend the ongoing work on the implementation of the Foreign Investment Law and support continued development of necessary regulatory frameworks. Full implementation of this legislation will undoubtedly improve the investment climate in order to attract foreign investment to drive the economic engine of Somalia.
3. We recognize progress achieved since the London Conference on advancing the Public Private Dialogue and welcome the recent passing of the Communications Act and we seek to support the administration in establishing the National Communications Authority in a timely manner. We urge all partners to promote a conducive environment for private sector to flourish in close partnership with government.
4. We stress the importance of creating sustained employment opportunities, especially for youth, as the backbone for sustainable economic development.
5. We also recognize progress made in rehabilitating and building crucial infrastructure, including on sustainable energy sources, to foster economic growth in Somalia. Substantial further investment is required.
6. We acknowledge the Ministry of Finance’s concrete steps to increase internal revenue collection and are encouraged by the FGS’ prioritization on achieving reliable domestic revenue. This will reduce aid dependency and help government finance its security, human development, institutional recovery as well as provision of social services to its citizens. Continuous progress on resource mobilization is a fundamental element to pursue IFI normalization and debt relief to which the international community reaffirms it commitment and for which effective working partnerships with the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, African Development Bank and the Islamic Development Bank is playing an effective role.
7. We welcome the steps taken by the FGS, in line with FGC recommendations, to directly manage revenue collections and the successful agreement reached between the FGS and Federal Member States on custom tariff harmonization. We urge that further progress be made on revenue and resource sharing, especially with regards to offshore fisheries and extractives.
8. We commend the steps taken by the Benadir Regional Administration to self‐fund and invest in Public Financial Management (PFM) reforms such as implementing a robust financial management information system.
9. We call upon the international community to take responsibility for and work with Somalis to stop illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing by foreign boats, and to criminalize the actions of distant water fleets that operate within the unprotected marine environments of Somalia’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). We also call upon the international community to support Somalia track the presence of foreign vessels within their EEZ through the sharing of real‐time data and information gathered from all domestic patrol boats and navies that operate in or near Somali maritime boundaries.
10. We recognize the significant progress made by the FGS and its commitment to successfully completing the second IMF Staff Monitored Programme. We look forward to the outcomes of the ongoing IMF review.
11. We strongly emphasize the fundamental role that expanded, equitable access to quality basic services – particularly health, education and social protection – will play in Somalia’s recovery and collectively commit to support the institutional, legislative and delivery frameworks needed to achieve this. We recognize that youth remain the backbone of Somalia’s future and call for action to ensure that youth are empowered and that there are social and economic opportunities for them. All parties commit to play our part to protecting and enhancing human rights, particularly the rights of women, girls and marginalized groups, and call for action to establish the institutions needed to enhance oversight, monitoring, reporting and protection of these rights.

New Partnership for Somalia

1. We welcome the development of the Mutual Accountability Framework of the NPS and endorse this tool as a framework for joint Somalia‐international community oversight and accountability, recognizing that this tool does not duplicate the NDP monitoring framework.
2. We applaud the progress achieved in 2017 and urge a collective redoubling of efforts on those areas where further progress must be achieved.
3. We affirm our collective commitment to achieving the 2018 milestones set out in the Mutual Accountability Framework, including strengthening our application of partnership principles.
4. The FGS wishes to thank its development partners for the support provided in 2017. According to preliminary data, aid to Somalia reached a record high in 2017 estimated at US$ 1.7 billion. This marks a 30% increase compared to the average of the past three years, primarily driven by the surge in humanitarian support in response to the ongoing drought. Development aid was also up more than 10% on
5. . However, there is more to do to make progress on all the partnership principles. In particular, all partners are urged to meet aid flow reporting requirements, and to undertake joint planning and implementation of ongoing and future programmes and projects to minimize duplication and maximize overall impact.
6. We agree to use the Mutual Accountability Framework to inform the agendas of regular SDRF meeting, to undertake light touch quarterly reviews of the Mutual Accountability Framework at the SDRF, and to undertake a first substantive review in six months’ time at the next Somalia Partnership Forum.

Conclusion

1. We thank the FGS for hosting the inaugural Somalia Partnership Forum in Mogadishu and commit to using this Forum as the venue for high‐level stock‐taking on overall progress achieved for Somalia.
2. We agree to reconvene the Somalia Partnership Forum, at a to‐be‐determined venue, at the end of the first half of 2018.

END

SOMALIA SECURITY CONFERENCE, MOGADISHU 4th December 2017 COMMUNIQUE

On 4 December 2017 the President of the Federal Government of Somalia, H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmaajo” convened the Somalia Security Conference in Mogadishu with representatives of the Federal Member States of Somalia and the Benadir Regional Administration. The conference was co-convened by the United Nations and African Union, and attended by 29 of Somalia’s friends and partners.

The Somalia Security Conference offered a pivotal opportunity to reflect on the progress made by the Federal Government of Somalia, the Federal Member States, and Benadir Regional Administration supported by the international community, in reforming the security sector.

Somalia continues to face a grievous threat from Al Shabaab who continue to perpetrate atrocities across Somalia. The Conference paid tribute to all those who have lost their lives as a result of these acts and expressed condolences to their families. These attacks serve as a reminder of the grave nature of the threat and of the urgent need for a comprehensive approach to security and to accelerate security sector reform in a unified, determined and comprehensive manner.

Progress since the London Conference: delivering a Comprehensive Approach to Security

Reform of the security sector has been a central priority for the Federal Government of Somalia and its partners, as set out in the landmark political agreement by Somali leaders on the National Security Architecture in April 2017, and the launch of the Security Pact at the London Somalia Conference on 11 May 2017.

The participants recognized that progress has been made possible by the continued bravery and heavy sacrifices made by the AMISOM Troop and Police Contributing Countries in the pursuit of peace, stability and development in Somalia. AMISOM’s presence remains critical in order to allow Somalia to protect the political process, build its security institutions, embed reforms, and take the necessary steps to assume responsibility for security across the country. Somalia remains committed to achieving full Somali ownership of security. All Somalia’s partners once again committed to work in a coordinated and coherent manner through the mechanisms agreed at the London Somalia Conference in order to support Somalia’s Security Sector.

Notable achievements include agreement of the implementation plan for the National Security Architecture, the integration of 2,400 Puntland troops into the SNA, and the completion of the Operational Readiness Assessments as an essential component for ‘right-sizing’ and reforming the Somalia National Army (SNA) and the Somali Police Force. Participants commended this first realistic assessment and looked forward to the assessment of regional and local forces to complete the picture and form the foundation for transition over the coming years.

Some work has been undertaken to inform planning for the transition from AMISOM to Somali security forces and institutions. Four National Security Council meetings have taken place and participants welcomed the decisions made at the National Security Council on 3 December 2017 which approved the National Security Architecture Implementation Plan, State Police Plans, and the Justice and Corrections Model.

Whilst participants welcomed progress made in the implementation of the National Security Architecture since 11 May 2017, they also underlined the challenges identified in the Operational

Readiness Assessment and the need for the Government with the support of International Partners to redouble efforts to address them.

Agreeing the next steps

The participants agreed that the three priorities for immediate action were:

1. Implementation of the National Security Architecture;
2. Urgent development of a realistic conditions-based transition plan with clear target dates to transfer security responsibility from AMISOM to Somali security forces; the completion and implementation of which will be essential to enable sustainable and predictable financing for AMISOM. This plan must be guided by the rule of law, respect for human rights and should include countering violent extremism, stabilization and governance.
3. Continued international support to build the capacity of Somali security forces and institutions targeted in line with needs emerging from progress on the above priorities.

1. Implementation of the National Security Architecture

The Federal Government of Somalia, the Federal Member States and the Benadir Regional Administration agreed to work closely together to accelerate agreement on the political decisions necessary to ensure full implementation of the National Security Architecture. Participants welcomed the agreement reached by the Federal Government of Somalia, Federal Member States and Benadir Regional Administration on 5 November 2017 to enhance security and improve their collaborative relations on constitutional and federal issues. Priority areas for implementation of the National Security Architecture include political agreement on implementation between the Federal Government and Federal Member States and the Benadir Regional Administration, integration of regional forces into Somali security forces and institutions, definition of roles and responsibilities of security forces under civilian oversight, and operationalization of Regional Security Councils with agreed roles and responsibilities in relation to the National Security Council.

2. Conditions based transition plan from AMISOM to Somali security forces

Participants agreed that a transition plan should be immediately developed by the Federal Government of Somalia, together with the Federal Member States and with the support of the African Union, United Nations, European Union and other international partners. They agreed that work would begin at once on a realistic, phased, conditions- based transition plan with clear target dates, drawing on the ORA results, to transfer security responsibility from AMISOM to the Somali security forces, using the existing CAS mechanism. As a first step all stakeholders would develop a process to plan for transition by 31 December 2017, with a view to completing a draft transition plan before the Joint Review of AMISOM requested by the Security Council in 2018. This will need close cooperation and partnership between the FGS and FMS, and between the Somali government and AMISOM, in order to ensure clear outcomes.

The transition plan will lay the foundations for activity over the coming months and years and will set out the strategy, priorities, milestones and conditions for transition, including on stabilization and state-building activities as well as military, police and justice plans, in order to ensure a lasting peace. These should be affordable, accountable, and acceptable forces, able to provide security across Somalia. They will require transparent and effective financial and human resources systems in place, and frameworks to ensure human rights compliance as a matter of urgency.

The Federal Government of Somalia, Federal Member States and Benadir Regional Administration committed to continue to lead the implementation of the National Stabilization Strategy to tackle the underlying drivers of conflict and set the conditions for economic growth. Civilian-led stabilization interventions will remain critical to consolidating security gains and extending the legitimacy and credibility of the authorities. All Somali’s leaders agreed to continue to initiate local solutions to prevent recruitment and radicalization to violent extremism and enable effective human rights protection, conflict resolution, including through local governance structures and civil society. They recognized the roles of youth, women and local reconciliation efforts to prevent further recruitment and radicalization and will prevent and counter violent extremism and terrorism as a durable, sustainable and long term solution.

AMISOM will continue to support the transition through the priority tasks set out in resolution 2372. These include among others, securing main supply routes, securing key population centres, to mentor and assist Somali security forces, both military and police, in close collaboration with UNSOM and in line with the National Security Architecture; further degrading Al Shabaab, and implementing the transition process. They committed to continuing joint AMISOM-SNA efforts in executing these tasks.

3. Continued international support to build the capacity of Somali security forces and institutions targeted in line with needs emerging from progress on the above priorities.

As agreed in the Security Pact based on the principle of mutual accountability, international partners reiterated their commitment to provide sustainable, political and material support to Somalia’s security reform. We agreed it was essential to support the capacity building of Somali security forces, in accordance with implementation of the National Security Architecture. We also agreed that it is crucial to put in place a realistic, phased transition plan from AMISOM to Somali security forces. They committed to ensure that assistance is distributed across the Comprehensive Approach to Security in order to embed military and police activities, tackle the underlying drivers of conflict and violent extremism and set the conditions for economic growth. International partners committed to support the transition plan through the Comprehensive Approach to Security, including by exploring options for sustainable, predictable funding for AMISOM in a spirit of burden sharing.

Participants welcomed the concerted efforts of the Federal Government of Somalia to take the lead role for security in Somalia, and to assume greater financial responsibility for its security forces, and in turn to strengthen domestic revenues and public financial management.

The next Security Conference will be held alongside the next Somali Partnership Forum in 2018 in order to assess progress and set the priorities for the next phase.
This communique was adopted in Mogadishu on 4 December 2017 by the Federal Government of Somalia, Federal Member States, Benadir Regional Administration and international partners.

END

DAAWO: Suldaan soo bandhigay xukumadii ugu liidatey ee Soo marta Somaliland,Col.Muuse Biixina

HALKAAN KA DAAWO: Suldaan soo bandhigay xukumadii ugu liidatey ee Soo marta Somaliland,Col.Muuse Biixina.

Baarlamaanka oo ku dhegan Laamaha Amaanka & Dhacdadii Soobe oo Su’aalo la iska Weydiinayo

Guddiyada Joogtada ee xildhibaanada Golaha Shacabka ayaa saakay lagu wadaa in kulan Su’aalo lagu weydiinayo masuuliyiinta Laamaha Ammaanka dalka ay kula qaataan xarunta Villa Hargeysa ee Magaalada Muqdisho.

Waxaana Laamaha Ammaanka wax laga weydiin doonaa qaraxii 14 kii bishan ka dhacay Isgoyska Zoobe ee Degmada Hodan, kaasi oo ay ku dhinteen, kuna dhaawacmeen dad fara badan oo shacab ahaa.

Xildhibaan Sidiiq Warfaa Xoghayaha Guddiga Joogatada Difaaca Baarlamaanka ayaa sheegay in maanta qorshuhu yahay in ay kulan la yeeshaan Laamaha Ammaanka, si wax badan looga ogaado Qaraxii dhawaan ka dhacay Isgoyska Zoobe ee Magaalada Muqdisho.

Waxaana uu shaaca ka qaaday in kulankaasi waxyaabihii ka soo baxa ay la wadaagi doonaan shacabka Soomaaliyeed.

Dowladda Soomaaliya ayaa weli wada baaritaano dheeri ah oo ku aadan mashaqadii ka dhacday Isgoyska Zoobe, iyadoona Laamaha Ammaanka looga fadhiyo soo bandhigida Natiijada ka soo baxday baaritaanadaasi.

DEG DEG: Maxaadan ogeyn oo ka socda Baydhabo, Garbahaarey, Dhuusamareeb & Gaalkacyo?

Waxaa maanta is isku mid ah uga socda Magaalooyinka Baydhabo,Garbahaarey,Dhuusamareeb iyo Gaalkacyo oo ay Maamulaan Maamulada kala ah Koofur Galbeed,Jubbaland,Ahlusunna iyo Galmudug Banaanbaxyo looga soo horjeedo Xasuuqii lagu laayay dadka Shacabka ah ee ka dhacay Magaalada Muqdisho 14-kii Bishaan.

Banaanbaxa ka dhacay Magaalooyinkaas waxaa ka qeyb galay Mas’uuliyiin kala duwan iyo Qeybaha kala gadisan Ee Bulshada ku nool Goobaha uu banaanbaxu ka dhacay.

Dhamaan dadka ka qeyb galay Banaanbaxa oo Madaxa ku soo Xirtay Calaamad gaduudan oo ay ku muujinayaan Dareenkooda ku aadan in ay ka xun yihiin Shacabkii lagu xasuuqay magaalada Muqdisho ayaa sheegay in loo midoobo sidii loola dagaalami lahaa Dadka ka soo horjeeda Nabadda Soomaaliya islamarkaana Nololsha u diidan  Shacabka Soomaaliya.

Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibada ee Qatar Sheekh Maxamad Bin C/raxmaan wuxuu sheegay in qaraxyadii Sabtigii Muqdisho ka dhacay ujeedkoodu ahaa in looga aarsado Dawlada Soomaaliya, maadaama buu yiri Wasiirka ay khilaafka Khaliijka ka qaadatay mowqif dhexdhexaad ah. Wuxuu kaloo sheegay in la beegsaday ergada Diblomaasiyadeed ee Dawlada Qatar iyo Xafiiska Aljazeera.

Dhanka kale, Aljazeera dhankeeda waxay sheegtay in xafiiskeeda la beegsaday. Barta Twitter uu ku leeyahay Agaasimaha Aljazeera Yaasir Abuu Hilaala ayuu ku soo qoray waxaa la soo weeraray Aljazeera, mar kasta waxaan hadaf u nahay aragagexiso.

Waxaan is waydiin leh xageey fariinta Wasiirka ku socotaa. Miyuusan wax dan ah ka lahayn ama wax xanuun ahna ku haynin xasuuqa iyo gumaadka lala beegsaday Shacabka Soomaaliyeed. Mise wuxuu doonayaa In uu biyaha calwaga ah ka kaluumaysto oo uu dagaal Dawlada kale kala dhexeeya dhiiga Soomaaliyeed ku sarifto.

Wasiirka iyo Taleefishankiisa Aljazeera waxay doonayaan in ay nagu qanciyaan in aysan Alshabaab ahayn cida xasuuqa geystay, wuxuu kaloo naga gedi rabaan in loo socday Qatar iyo Xafiiska Aljazeera. Taas Waxaan ka fahmi karnaa laba arrin midkood

1- In la doonayo in loo ceeb asturo Alshabaab oo indhaha Shacabka iyo Caalamka laga qariyo xasuuqa ay geysteen. 2- Iyo In Dawlada laga leexiyo masuuliyada iyo la xisaabtanka Baarlamaanka iyo Shacabka.

Hadaba in fariinta Wasiirka meelmartay waxaan ka ogaan doonaa sida hogaanka haatan talada haya ee lagu xanto in ay Qatar u janjeeraan uu xaalada u wajaho. Hadii aan aragno dagaalka oo Alshabaab laga soo leexiyey loona soo duway gudaha eedana duul kale loo saariyey, ama lagu baaqi waayo midnimo iyo wadajir lagu wajaho Alshabaab, lana joojiyo hurinta khilaafka siyaasadeed fariinta Wasiirka waa hirgashay.

Hadiise aan aragno Dawlada oo dagaalka Alshabaab wajahaysa, watashi isugu yeerta hogaanka siyaasadeed ee maamul Goboleedyada, labada aqal ee Baarlamaanka iyo xoogagga kale ee siyaasadeed, abaabusha qaybaha kala duwan ee Shacabka, la timaada aragti iyo siyaasad looga faa’iidaysto Aduunka inoo soo gurmaday iyo falceliska quwadaha waawayn, hadii aan aragno hal abuur cusub oo dareenka Shacabka lagu kicinayo, laguna abaabulayo , culimadda DiintaAbwaanadda Suuugaanta, aqoonyahanka Fikirka si sare loogu qaado moraalka iyo macnawiga qaybaha kala duwane ee ciidanka Qalabka sida, markaas fariinta Wasiirka ma meel marin. Aan dhowrno maalmaha soo socda

WQ: Axmed Deeq.

 

Shirka Kismaayo oo maanta lagu wado in la soo gaba gabeeyo

Shirka Madaxda maamul goboleedyada oo maalinkii Saddexaad ka socda magaalada Kismaayo ayaa maanta lagu wadaa in la soo gaba gabeeyo, war-murtiyeedna laga soo saaro.

Shirka oo soo bilowday Axadii ina dhaaftay ayaa shalay ilaa xalay waxaa socday doodo aad u kulul iyo qodobada shirka looga hadlayo ay isku waafaqaan Madaxda Dowlad goboleedyada.

Qodobada qaar oo laga soo xiganayo masuuliyiinta ka qeyb galeysa shirkan ayaa waxa ay sheegayaan dhinacyada shirka in ay qorsheynayaan in la sameeyo Gole ay ku mideysan yihiin Madaxda Dowlag goboleedyada.

Warar aan heleyno ayaa sheegaya in maanta magaalada Kismaayo uu ku wajahan yahay Wakiilka gaarka ah ee QM arrimaha Soomaaliya, si uu madal joog ugu noqdo go’aanada ka soo baxaya shirkan.

Masuuliyiinta ayaa kulankooda waxa uu yimid kadib markii ay cirka isku sii shareertay khilaafaadyada siyaasadeed ee xilligan u dhaxeeya Dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada.